The 16-bit home video game console known as the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES), also known as the Super NES or Super Nintendo, was created by Nintendo and released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea, 1991 in North America, 1992 in Europe and Oceania, and 1993 in South America. It is referred to as the Super Famicom in Japan (SFC). It is known as the Super Comboy in South Korea and was sold by Hyundai Electronics. Playtronic introduced the system on August 30, 1993, in Brazil. Despite the fact that each version is fundamentally the same, a number of regional lockout mechanisms limit the use of cartridges for one version in another.
The Nintendo Entertainment System was the first programmable home system, and the Super NES is its follow-up (NES). In comparison to other systems of the time, the console introduced better graphics and sound capabilities. In order to compete in the following generation, it was created to support the continued development of a variety of enhancement chips built inside game cartridges.
Despite its relatively late release and fierce competition from Sega's Genesis console in North America and Europe, the Super NES got generally favorable reviews and was a commercial success, going on to become the best-selling console of the 16-bit period. The Super NES sold 49.1 million copies worldwide by the time it was discontinued in 2003, overtaking the NES's 61.9 million unit sales. The Super NES continued to be widely used well into the 32-bit era. With new homebrew games and emulated rereleases from Nintendo, including those on the Virtual Console, the Super NES Classic Edition, and Nintendo Switch Online, as well as a number of non-console emulators that run on a desktop computer, like Snes9x, it continues to be popular among collectors and retro gamers.
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In order to counter the successful Family Computer in Japan, NEC Home Electronics introduced the PC Engine in 1987, and Sega did the same with the Mega Drive in 1988. Later, in 1989, the TurboGrafx-16 and Sega Genesis were introduced in North America as separate platforms. The visuals and audio on both systems were superior to the 8-bit NES thanks to their 16-bit designs. Sega's system didn't become a hit right away, either; it took some time. Nintendo officials were not in a haste to create a new system, but they changed their minds when they noticed that their market dominance was waning.
Hiroshi Yamauchi, the president of Nintendo at the time, announced the Super Famicom's creation in the Kyoto Shimbun on September 9, 1987. Super Mario Bros. 4, Dragon Quest V, and three original games were all revealed by him on August 30, 1988, during an interview with TOUCH Magazine. He also predicted that the future console will sell 3 million units. Nintendo's early announcement was likely made to prevent PC Engine purchases during the Christmas season, according to Famicom Hissyoubon magazine, which also relayed Enix's clarification that it was awaiting sales data before deciding whether to develop its next Dragon Quest game for the PC Engine or Super Famicom. The magazine and Enix both stated a strong desire for networking to be a common platform feature. The console was shown to the Japanese media on November 21, 1988, and once more on July 28, 1989.
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